Persian arts: Zilo weaving
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Zilo weaving in Iran

Zilo is one of the oldest handicrafts of Yazd which refers to pre-dates of Islamic era, and is one of the commercial goods of Iran. Because of cool-creating features of Zilo, it is frequently used in summers.

Zilo weaving of Yazd

One of the most important centers of Zilo weaving is Maybod of Yazd, which the oldest Zilo is attributed to this region, and currently is in Central Mosque of Maybod.
Zilo is used more than Wool carpets because Zilo is more durable than them, and also is one of the most profitable jobs of Yazd. Zilo is made by cotton and so beautiful designs including Zolfak, Rekne Dony, big and small eight-feathers, Roman clause and key that are some of the most famous ones, are made on it.
Although, prominent colors of Zilo are blue and white and sometimes other colors like orange, red and green are used. It’s worth noting that the colors of Zilo are natural colors which have been produced by plants like madder, walnut and etc. The reason of using natural color is their long-time durableness.

Based on their colors, Zilos are divided to three groups:

The first one are white or blue Ziloes which are used in mosques. The second group are inky Ziloes that are weaved by rose or blue threads and used in homes. Proportionally, this group have good prices. The third and most qualified group are those Ziloes that are green or rose.

The designs of Ziloes are divided to two sections:

margins or edges and background; margins are fixed and have different designs but the background depends on the art and talent of weaver. Nowadays, the Ziloes rarely are used in homes and most of them can be seen in mosques and pilgrimage places.

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