Persian Gilding in Iran
Gilding (also known as illumination) is an Arabic word, which has been derived from "zahab" meaning "gold". Gilding currently means to draw beautiful patterns of plants or geometrical shapes on the margins of books. At the beginning, golden color was used in this art and this is why they called it "tazhib" (gilding). Other colors like azure, blue, green, vermilion, and turquoise have also been used along with gold. Masters of gilding used flowers and their stalks to illuminate around book pages. Gilding in Iran dates back to Sassanid era. After the advent of Islam, it was used by Islamic and Arab governments and was turned into an Islamic art.
Gilding works of past centuries clearly prove the impact of Iranian gilding on that of other countries like India, the Ottoman Empire, and Arab countries. Iranian artists moved to India in early Safavid period and foundd Iranian and Indian painting schools. Works of art belonging to Mughol dynasties in India are exquisite and indicate that they were continualtion of Iranian and Indian painting schools.