Contemporary history of Iran
1501–1736, صفویان, Capital cities: Tabriz, Qazvin, Esfahan,
During Safavid, Shiite was declared as official religion of Iran. When king Abbas was ruling, Bandar Abbas released from Portugal, AliQapu and 33-Pol palace manufactured. Mirdamad, Molla Sadra lived during his kingdom.
1722–1730, افغان ها, Capital cities: Kandahar, Esfahan,
During king Soltan Hossein, Afghan rebels attacked Iran and defeated Safavids. Iran was plundered by Afghans and northern part of Iran was seized by Russia.
1736-1796, افشاریه, Capital cities: Mashhad,
Afsharid King Nader was the one who exiled Afghans. Nader expanded its kingdom to Qandehar, Kharazm and Bukhara and defeated king of India for not passing the fugitive Afghans.
1750–1794, زندیه, Capital cities: Shiraz,
Zand dynasty was founded by Karim Khan, chief of the Zand tribe. Great Revolution of France, industrial revolution of Britain and Independence of America happened at this time.
1794–1925, قاجاریه, Capital cities: Tehran,
Qajar dynasty ruled for 130 years in Iran. Theran became the capital of Iran in Qajar dynasty. Several wars happened during Qajar and Iran lost a lot of its land during those wars. National Assembly (Majlis) established during Qajar.
1925–1979, پهلوی, Capital cities: Tehran,
The Pahlavis came to power after Qajar dynasty by a military coup. The National Assembly (Majlis) deposed Ahmad Shah Qajar, and declared Reza Shah the new monarch of Iran. After revolotion, Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi went into exile and ended the 2500-year-old monarchy in Iran.